Expert(s). Expert: Notes: Reference for: Other Source(s). Source: American Fisheries Society Special Publication 31, pre-press (version May). Acquired. PDF | A persisting population of an unidentified and probably undescribed cladoceran, morphologically similar to Daphnia similis CLAUS but genetically. The aim of the present paper is to revise the taxonomy of the Daphnia ( Ctenodaphnia) similis group in the Old World with both morphological.

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Retrieved October 29, They are often fed to tadpoles or small species of amphibians such as the African dwarf frog Hymenochirus boettgeri.

They are tolerant of being observed live under a cover slip and appear to suffer no harm when returned to open water. Views Read Edit View history. An individual Daphnia life-span depends on factors such as temperature and the abundance of predatorsbut can be 13—14 months in some cold, oligotrophic fish-free lakes. Retrieved October 9, In caphnia projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.

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National Center for Biotechnology Information. Even under relatively low-power microscopythe feeding mechanism can be observed, with immature young moving in the brood pouch; moreover, the eye being moved by the ciliary muscles can be seen, as well as blood cells being pumped around the circulatory system by the simple heart.

Some species are halophilesand can be found in hypersaline lake environments, an example of which is the Makgadikgadi Pan. Daphnia may be used in certain environments to test the dalhnia of toxins on an ecosystemwhich makes them an indicator genusparticularly useful because of its short lifespan and reproductive capabilities. The body of Daphnia is usually 1—5 millimetres 0.

This page was last edited on 28 Decemberat This may not be the case, however, and the new invaders may mostly be a tangling and clogging nuisance.


Moinawhich is in the Moinidae family instead of Daphniidae and is much smaller than D. The ephippia can withstand periods of extreme cold, drought or lack of food availability, and hatch — when conditions improve — into females They are close to being classed as extremophiles. Sumilis subgenus has been further divided into a number of species complexes. List of Daphnia species.

Daphnia is also commonly used for experiments to test climate change aspects, as ultraviolet radiation UVR that seriously damage zooplankton species e.

Daphnia Daphnia pulex Scientific classification Kingdom: Daphniaa genus of small planktonic crustaceansare 0. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Daphnia.

Daphnia eggs for sale are generally enclosed in ephippia a thick shell, consisting of two chitinous plates, that encloses and protects the winter eggs of a cladoceran. Several Daphnia species are considered threatened. Petrusek March 2, Some species of daphnia or water fleas that resemble daphnia have developed permanent, non-temporary defenses against fish eating them such as spines and long hooks on the body which also cause them to become entangled on fishing lines and cloud water with their high numbers.

The trapped food particles are formed into a food siimlis which then moves down the digestive tract until voided through the anus located on the ventral surface of the terminal appendage.

In Patrick O’Sullivan; C. Daphnialike many animals, are prone to alcohol intoxication, and make excellent subjects for studying the effects of the depressant on the nervous system due to the translucent exoskeleton and smiilis visibly altered heart rate.

Limnology and Limnetic Ecology.

Daphnia – Wikipedia

They are often associated with a related genus in the order Cladocera: Stoeckel, Illinois Natural History Survey: Global Invasive Species Database: Oneida Lake Education Initiative.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. Daphnia is a large genus — comprising over species — belonging to the cladoceran family Daphniidae. Zooplankton of the Great Lakes: Australodaphnia Colbourne et al.


While daphnia are an important base of the food chain in freshwater lakes and vernal poolsthey become a nuisance when they are unable to be eaten by native macroscopic predators and there is some concern that the original spineless simillis hookless water fleas and daphnia end up out-competed by the invasive ones.

Daphnia are typically filter feedersingesting mainly unicellular algae and various sorts of organic detritus including protists and bacteria [3] [10] Beating of the legs adphnia a constant current through the carapace which brings such material into the digestive tract. They produce a brood of diploid eggs every time they moult ; these broods can contain as few as 1—2 siilis in smaller species, such as D. Most Daphnia species have a life cycle based on “cyclical parthenogenesis”, alternating between parthenogenetic asexual reproduction and dwphnia reproduction.

The two most readily available species of Daphnia are D. Species such as Bythotrephes longimanus [14] [15] [16] [17] AKA “spiny water flea” and formerly known as Bythotrephes cederstroemi native to Northern Europe and AsiaCercopagis pengoi AKA “fishhook waterflea” native in the brackish fringes of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and Daphnia lumholtzi [18] [19] [20] [21] native to east Africa, the Asian subcontinent of India, and east Australia have these characteristics and great care should be taken to prevent them from spreading further in North American waters.

Daphnia species are normally r -selectedsijilis that they invest vaphnia early reproduction and so have short lifespans.