منذ 6 يوم Tunisian-Algerian Efforts To Make Syrian President Bashar al-Assad Attend Upcoming Arab Summit. The Speaker of the Council of the Nation. National National, Echorouk · Radio Algerie · Radio Algerie · Television Algerienne Echorouk El Youmi · Echorouk El Youmi · Echorouk El Youmi · El Khabar. Echorouk (Arabe: الشروق اليومي) ou Ech Chorouk El Youmi (L’Aurore du Jour) est un quotidien algérien créé en C’est le quotidien le plus vendu en.
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It is the second-largest daily Arabophone newspaper after El Khabar. The newspaper used to publish a series of weekly articles in English from July 24 to August 20, Participants had to read the articles then answer the two asked questions on eo newspaper’s website, the British Council’s website, or the Facebook page.
Algeria Newspapers & News Media – ABYZ News Links
The prizes were granted to five winners and were awarded in September in a ceremony held at the UK Ambassador’s Residence in Algiers in presence of prominent personalities. In a fall trial, the leader of neighbouring LibyaMuammar Gaddafitook the unprecedented step of suing the paper in an Algerian court for defamation. The court decided on October 31 that Ech Chorouk’s reporting of Qadhafi’s attempts to induce Algerian Tuaregs to separatism had slandered the Libyan leader, and suspended the paper for two months.
The editor and the responsible reporter were both sentenced to six months in jail. The verdict was condemned as a strike against press freedom by virtually the entire Algerian independent press and numerous political parties, as well as from international press watchdogs. Newspaper — A newspaper is a serial publication containing news about current events, other informative articles about politics, sports, arts, and so on, and advertising.
A newspaper is usually, but not exclusively, printed on relatively inexpensive, the journalism organizations that publish newspapers are themselves often metonymically called newspapers. As ofmost newspapers are now published online as well as in print, the online versions are called online newspapers or news websites.
Newspapers are typically published daily or weekly, News magazines are also weekly, but they have a magazine format.
General-interest newspapers typically publish news articles and feature articles on national and international news as well as local news, typically the paper is divided into sections for each of those major groupings.
Papers also include articles which have no byline, these articles are written by staff writers, a wide variety of material has been published in newspapers. As ofnewspapers may also provide information about new movies, most newspapers are businesses, and they pay their expenses with a mixture of subscription revenue, newsstand sales, and advertising revenue.
Some newspapers are government-run or at least government-funded, their reliance on advertising revenue, the editorial independence of a newspaper is thus always subject to the interests of someone, whether owners, advertisers, or a government. Some newspapers with high editorial independence, high quality. This is a way to avoid duplicating the expense of reporting from around the world, circathere were approximately 6, daily newspaper titles in the world selling million print copies a day.
Besides remodeling advertising, the internet has also challenged the business models of the era by crowdsourcing both publishing in general and, more specifically, journalism.
TELECHARGER ECHOUROUK EL YOUMI PDF
In addition, the rise of news aggregators, which bundle linked articles from online newspapers. Increasing paywalling of online newspapers may be counteracting those effects, the oldest newspaper still published is the Gazzetta di Mantova, which was established in Mantua in While online newspapers have increased access to newspapers by people with Internet access, literacy is also a factor which prevents people who cannot read from being able to benefit from reading newspapers.
Periodicity, They are published at intervals, typically daily or weekly. This ensures that newspapers can provide information on newly-emerging news stories or events, currency, Its information is as up to date as its publication schedule allows.
Its capital and most populous city is Algiers, located in the far north. With an area of 2, square kilometres, Algeria is the tenth-largest country in the chourojk, the country is a semi-presidential republic consisting of 48 provinces and 1, communes.
Abdelaziz Bouteflika has been President sinceBerbers are the indigenous inhabitants of Algeria. Algeria is a regional and middle power, the North African country supplies large amounts cgourouk natural gas to Europe, and energy exports are the backbone of the economy. According to OPEC Algeria has the 16th largest oil reserves in the world, Sonatrach, the national oil company, is the largest company in Africa. Algeria has one of the largest militaries in Africa and the largest defence budget on the continent, most of Algerias weapons are imported from Russia, with whom they are a close ally.
In the region of Ain Hanech, early remnants of hominid occupation in North Africa were found, neanderthal tool makers produced hand axes in the Levalloisian sl Mousterian styles similar to those in the Levant.
Algeria was the site of the highest state of development of Middle Paleolithic Flake tool techniques, tools of this era, starting chouroum 30, BC, are called Aterian. The earliest blade industries in North Africa are called Iberomaurusian and this industry appears to have spread throughout the coastal regions of the Maghreb between 15, and 10, BC. Neolithic civilization developed in the Saharan and Mediterranean Maghreb perhaps as early as 11, BC or as late as between and BC and this life, richly depicted in the Tassili nAjjer paintings, predominated in Algeria until the classical period.
The amalgam of peoples of North Africa coalesced eventually into a native population that came to be called Berbers. These settlements served as market towns as well as anchorages, as Carthaginian power grew, its impact on the indigenous population increased dramatically.
Berber civilization was already at a stage in which agriculture, manufacturing, trade, by the early 4th century BC, Berbers formed the single largest element of the Carthaginian army. They succeeded in obtaining control of much of Carthages North African territory, the Carthaginian state declined because of successive defeats by the Romans in the Punic Wars. Islamism — Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts.
It is commonly used interchangeably with the terms political Islam or Islamic fundamentalism and these movements have arguably altered the Middle East more than any trend since the modern states gained independence, redefining politics and even borders according to Robin Wright.
Some Islamist thinkers emphasize peaceful political processes, whereas Sayyid Qutb in particular called for violence, however, Qutb, unlike modern extremists, denounced the killing of innocents. Following the Arab Spring, some Islamist currents became heavily involved in politics, while others spawned the most aggressive and ambitious Islamist militia to date. A theocratic ideology that seeks to impose any version of Yoymi over society by law, subsequently, clarified to be, the desire to impose any given interpretation of Islam on society.
A movement so broad and flexible it reaches out to everything to everyone in Islam, making it unsustainable. All who seek to Islamize their environment, whether in relation to their lives in society, their circumstances, or the workplace.
Moderate and reformist Islamists who accept and work within the process include parties like the Tunisian Ennahda Movement.
The Islamist groups like Hezbollah in Lebanon and Hamas in Palestine participate in the democratic, following the Arab Spring, Roy has described Islamism as increasingly interdependent with democracy in much of the Arab Muslim world, such that neither can now survive without the other. While Islamist political culture itself may not be democratic, Islamists need democratic elections to maintain their legitimacy, at the same time, their popularity is such that no government can call itself democratic that excludes mainstream Islamist groups.
The term, which denoted the religion of Islam, first appeared in English as Islamismus in The term appears in the U. Supreme Court decision in In Re Ross, the term Islamism acquired its contemporary connotations in French academia in the late s and early s.
From French, it began to migrate to the English language in the mids, a article in Middle East Quarterly states, In summation, the term Islamism enjoyed its first run, lasting from Voltaire to the First World War, as a synonym for Islam.
Enlightened scholars and writers generally preferred it to Mohammedanism, eventually both terms yielded to Islam, the Arabic name of the faith, and a word free of either pejorative or comparative associations.
To all intents and purposes, Islamic fundamentalism and Islamism have become synonyms in contemporary American usage, the AP Stylebook entry for Islamist now reads as follows, An advocate or supporter of a political movement that favors reordering government and society in accordance with laws prescribed by Islam.
Do not use as a synonym for Islamic fighters, militants, extremists or radicals, where possible, be specific and use the name of militant affiliations, al-Qaida-linked, Hezbollah, Taliban, etc. Facebook — Facebook is an American for-profit corporation and an online social media and social networking service based in Menlo Park, California. Facebook gradually added support for students at other universities.
Sinceanyone age 13 and older has been allowed to become a user of Facebook, though variations exist in the minimum age requirement. The Facebook name comes youmu the face book directories often given to United States university ek, Facebook may be accessed by a large range of desktops, laptops, tablet computers, and smartphones over the Internet and mobile networks.
After registering to use the site, users can create a user profile indicating their name, occupation, schools attended and so on. Additionally, users may yiumi common-interest user groups organized by workplace, school, hobbies dhourouk other topics, in groups, editors can pin posts to top.
Additionally, users can complain about or block unpleasant people, because of the large volume of data that users submit to the service, Facebook has come under scrutiny for its privacy policies. Facebook makes most of its revenue from advertisements which appear onscreen, Facebook, Inc.
As of AprilFacebook was the most popular social networking site in the world, Facebook classifies users from the ages of 13 to 18 as minors and therefore sets their profiles to share content with friends only. Zuckerberg wrote a program called Facemash on October 28, while attending Harvard University as a sophomore, to accomplish this, Zuckerberg hacked into protected areas of Harvards computer network and copied private dormitory ID images.
Facemash attracted visitors and 22, photo-views in its first four hours online, the site was quickly forwarded to several campus group list-servers, but was shut down a few days later chuorouk the Harvard administration. Zuckerberg faced expulsion and was charged by the administration with breach of security, violating copyrights, Zuckerberg expanded on this initial project that semester by creating a social study tool ahead of an art history final exam.
He uploaded Augustan images to a website, each of which was featured with a corresponding comments section and he shared the site with his classmates, and people started sharing notes. The following semester, Zuckerberg began writing code for a new website in January and he said that he was inspired by an editorial about the Facemash incident in The Harvard Crimson.
On February 4, Zuckerberg launched Thefacebook, originally located at thefacebook. The three complained to The Harvard Crimson and the newspaper began an investigation and they later filed ell lawsuit against Zuckerberg, subsequently choueouk in for 1.
Membership was initially restricted to students of Harvard College, within the first month, eduardo Saverin, Dustin Moskovitz, Andrew McCollum, and Chris Hughes joined Zuckerberg to help promote the website. Libya — The three traditional parts of the country are Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica.
With an area of almost 1. The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is located in western Libya, the other large city is Benghazi, which is located in eastern Libya. Libya has been inhabited by Berbers since the late Bronze Age, the Phoenicians established trading posts in western Libya, and ancient Greek colonists established city-states in eastern Libya. Libya was variously ruled by Carthaginians, Persians, Egyptians and Greeks before becoming a part of the Roman Empire, Libya was an early center of Christianity.
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the area of Libya was mostly occupied by the Vandals until the 7th century, in the 16th century, the Spanish Empire and the Knights of St John occupied Tripoli, until Ottoman rule began in Libya was involved in the Barbary Wars of the 18th and 19th centuries, Ottoman rule continued until the Italian occupation of Libya resulted in the temporary Italian Libya colony from to Libya became an independent kingdom ina military coup in overthrew King Idris I, beginning a period of sweeping social reform.
Since then, Libya has experienced a period of instability, the European Union is involved in an operation to disrupt human trafficking networks exploiting refugees fleeing from wars in Africa for Europe.
At least two political bodies claim to be the government of Libya, the Council of Deputies is internationally recognized as the legitimate government, but it does not hold territory in the capital, Tripoli, instead meeting in the Cyrenaica city of Tobruk. Parts of Libya are outside of either governments control, with various Islamist, rebel, the United Nations is sponsoring peace talks between the Tobruk and Tripoli-based factions.
An agreement to form an interim government was signed on 17 December Under the terms of the agreement, a nine-member Presidency Council, the leaders of the new government, called the Government of National Accord, arrived in Tripoli on 5 April The name was based on use in by Italian geographer Federico Minutilli.
It was intended to supplant terms applied to Ottoman Tripolitania, the region of what is today Libya having been ruled by the Ottoman Empire from to He governed Libya as Revolutionary Chairman of the Libyan Arab Republic from to and he was initially ideologically committed to Arab nationalism and Arab socialism, but he came to rule according to his own Third International Theory.
Gaddafi was born near Sirte to an impoverished Bedouin family and he became an Arab chouruk while at school in Sabha, later enrolling in the Royal Military Academy, Benghazi.
Within the military he founded a cell which, in a coup. Now in power, Gaddafi converted Libya into a republic governed by his Revolutionary Command Council, an Islamic modernist, he introduced sharia as the basis for the legal system and promoted Islamic socialism. Inhe initiated a Popular Revolution with the formation of General Peoples Committees, purported to be a system of direct democracy and he outlined his Third International Theory that year, publishing these ideas in The Green Book.
InGaddafi transformed Libya into a new socialist state called the Jamahiriya, officially he adopted a symbolic role in governance but remained head of both the military and the Revolutionary Committees responsible for policing and suppressing dissent. A particularly hostile relationship developed with the United States, United Kingdom, fromGaddafi rejected Goumi socialism and encouraged economic privatisation, rapprochement with Western nations, and Pan-Africanism, he was Chairperson of the African Union from — Amid the Arab Spring, protests against widespread corruption and unemployment broke out in eastern Libya, the situation descended into civil war, in which NATO intervened militarily on the side of the anti-Gaddafist National Transitional Council.
The government was overthrown and Gaddafi, who had retreated to Sirte, was captured and killed by NTC militants, a highly divisive figure, Gaddafi dominated Libyas politics for four decades and was the subject of a pervasive cult of personality.
Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi was born in a tent ylumi Qasr Abu Hadi and his family came from a small, relatively un-influential tribal group called the Qadhadhfa, who were Arabized Berber in heritage.
His mother was named Aisha, and his father, Mohammad Abdul Salam bin Hamed bin Mohammad, was known as Abu Meniar, nomadic Bedouins, they were illiterate and kept no birth records. His parents only you,i son, he had three older sisters, Gaddafis upbringing in Bedouin culture influenced his personal tastes for the rest of his life, he preferred the desert over the city and would retreat there to meditate.