Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Malpighiales. Family: Euphorbiaceae. Genus: Excoecaria. Species: E. agallocha. A widespread and common species, though there are some localised threats and there has been an overall population decline caused by coastal development. Common name: Blinding Tree, Milky mangrove, Blind-your-eye mangrove, River poison tree • Bengali: gewa • Hindi: Gangiva, Tejbala • Kannada: hara, haro.

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Distribution From tropical Africa to Australia. DNA damage protective activity of E. The methanolic extract also showed potent nitric oxide radical inhibition IC 50 value 4.

William Bligh in his book “A Voyage to the South Sea” mentioned that he was already aware of this hazard when he embarked on the voyage that ended in the notorious mutiny on the Bountyhaving learned of it in from Captain James Cook during the time that he served as Cook’s sailing master. Even the generic name is from the Latin for “blinder”. Articles with ‘species’ microformats Taxonbars with 20—24 taxon IDs. II, Add Add References: Document specific search options Title.

So far, qgallocha kaurane-type diterpenes 56—67 were isolated from different parts of E. The mean zone of inhibition of the extract calculated ranged between 7. Diterpenoids, EuphorbiaceaeExcoecaria agallochamangrove, pharmacology, phytoconstituents.

Flowers are small and occur in excpecaria or racemes up to 3cm long in the axils or forks of the leaves. It is common in mangrove swamps from BangladeshIndia in the northwest to Australia in the southeast, [2] within Australia, it thrives from northern New South Wales along the northern coastline around to Western Australia. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted.


Milky mangrove (Excoecaria agallocha) | QPIC

Seventeen triterpenoids — were isolated from various parts of E. Prosea Foundation, Bogor, Excocearia. The leaves are alternate, shiny bright green, fleshy, cm long and cm wide, with a smooth or bluntly toothed margin. Species specific search options Taxon Hierarchy. Male flowers form drooping tassels, while female flowers appear as shorter spikes. He accordingly instructed his men not to cut that type of tree when he sent them ashore in Tahiti to gather wood and water in Screening of antioxidant and antifilarial activity of leaf extracts of Excoecaria agallocha L.

Other phytoconstituents isolated are mainly triterpenoids, flavonoids, alkaloids, sterols, tannins, and few other miscellaneous compounds Organic acids, organic acid esters, and alcohol derivatives.

A small tree up to 5m tall, found in mangrove communities, along tidal streams, or on the margins of tidal salt meadows.

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The terpenoids isolated are oleanane, taraxerone, cycloartane, and lupane derivatives. Antibacterial activity of the mangrove leaves Excoecaria agallocha against selected fish pathogens.

Cryptic irritants of the diterpene ester type from three Excoecaria species. His research interest includes isolation and structural elucidation of phytoconstituents, chromatographic and phytochemical analysis, toxicological studies and pharmacological sxcoecaria.

Anti-tumor-promoting activity of the diterpene from Excoecaria agallocha.

Fourteen isopimarane-type diterpenes 42—55 were isolated from E. Ceriops tagal is a seaward and high salt-tolerant specialist mangrove species. Diterpenoids Diterpenes are the most abundantly isolated secondary metabolite from E. In vitro Anti-fungal activity of Excoecaria agallocha.

Anti reverse transcriptase and anticancer activity of stem ethanol extracts of Excoecaria agallocha Euphorbiaceae Ceylon J Sci Biol Sci ; Send a request for permission. Economic, Traditional and Medicinal Uses of Mangroves.

Insect pollination and self-planting seed dispersal strategy in the true viviparous mangrove tree spec The fruit are small, white berries clustered along the spike.


Seven daphnane-type diterpenes 97— as cryptic and free skin irritant were isolated from the latex.

User specific search options User. Antiulcer activity Antiulcer activity of E.

Excoecaria agallocha – Wikipedia

The portal will be unavailable all day on Sunday 23rd Dec for maintenance. It is dioeciouswith male and female flowers borne on different trees. Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc. The genus Excoecaria comprises nearly forty species which are distributed in the mangrove region of Asia, Africa, and northwest Australia.

Triterpenoids and steroids from Excoecaria agallocha. Rama Krishna and Dr. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon.

It can also cause intense pain and excoecaroa blindness if it gets into the eyes. Many phytoconstituents were isolated from the plant, which were mainly diterpenoids, triterpenoids, flavonoids, sterols, and few other compounds. The result showed that distilled water and ethanol fractions had high antioxidative activities compared to other fractions such as hexane, chloroform, and ethyl acetate. Diterpenes are the most abundantly isolated secondary metabolite from E. Mangroves have long been a source of astonishment to the layman and of interest for the scientists.

Support Center Support Center. Vernacular Names of Excoecaria agallocha L. River Poison Tree. Retrieved from ” https: This is a small evergreen or deciduous tree that grows to 15 m tall with young leaves that are pink and old leaves that turn scarlet.